OlumpiadeV

- GEWGRAFIKH TOPOQESIA THS OLUMRIAS
- GIATI ONOMAZETAI OLUMPIA.
- H OLUMPIAKH PURA KAI TI SUMBOLIZEI
- APOGAION PARAKMH KAI TELOS
- SPOUDAIOTHS TWN OLUMPIAKWN AGWNWN
- OI MONTERNOI OLUMPIAKOI AGWNES
-
H OLUMPIA SHMERA
- ANTIKEIMENA POU HRQAN STO FWS
- SUMETOCH CWRWN KAI AQLHTWN TO 1896
- AUSTRALIA,BOULGARIA,CILH,SOUHDIA,GERMANIA,GALLIA, ELBETIA.
- GUNAIKES STIS OLIMPIADES

 

GEWGRAFIKH TOPOQESIA THS OLUMRIAS

H polhV thV OlumpiaV brhsketai sthn Peloponnhso ston nomo HliaV.

H PeloponnhsoV einai mia cersonnhsoV sth qalassa thV Mesogeiou cwrismenh apo thn loiph Ellada apo ton Isqmo thV Korinqou.

Anatolikwtera brisketai to nish thV KrhthV kai meta ,ta paralia thV AfrikanikhV Hpeirou pou brecontai apo thn Mesogeio qalassa.

H PeloponnhhsoV einai ena apo ta wraiwtera merh thV ElladaV gemath dendra apo elaiodendra kai peuka, kai ercetai se antiqesh me thn upoloiph Ellada kai ta perisotera nisha pou einai scedon cwriV blastish

EnaV muqoV leei oti o Peloy enikhse ton basileia IOiomao , agine autoV kuriarcoV thV periochV h opoia phre to onoma tou ;PELOPONNHSOS, pou sta Ellhnika shmainei ; NISH TOU PELOPA.


GIATI ONOMAZETAI OLUMPIA.

Ekei loipon se auto to uperoco meroV,kai stiV ocqeV tou Alfeiou potamou arcise prin ciliadeV cronia, auto pou shmera legetai OLUMPIA.

Se cronia pou canontai sto baqoV twn aiwnwn anegerqei enaV uperocoV NaoV terastiwn diastasewn proV latreian tou DioV,petera ollwn twn qewn kai anqrwpwn

O ZeuV, katoikouse sto oroV OLUMPOS, to uyilwtero bouno thV ElladaV, uyouV treiwn ciliadwn metrwn peripou.Mesa sto nao anegeiran agalma kolossiaiwn diastasewn apo cruso kai elefantostoun proV timhn tou Qeo..

To agalma auto to kataskeuase o perifhmoV gluphV thV arcaiothtaV onomazomenoV FIDHAS.Auto to agalma htan ena apo ta epta qaumata tou kosmo.Phre loipon to onoma OLUMPIA apo ton qeo DIA pou katoikouse stonOLUMPO.


H OLUMPIAKH PURA KAI TI SUMBOLIZEI

Oi Olumpiakoi agwneV archzan pantote me mia teleth pou qewreito ierh.;
TO ANAMA MIAS FLWGAS.
H floga auth anabe me thn sugkentrwsh twn hliakwn aktinwn mesa se mia amfora

Kai shmera h floga auth anabetai me ton idio tropo, apo kopeleV ntumeneV me arcaieV EllinhkeV endumasieV

Ekproswpoi thV EllinhkhV KubernishV, TopikeV ArceV, ciliadeV kosmoV kai touruisteV parakolouqoun authn thn wraia teleth.

Auth hfloga se schma dadaV paradidetai se neouV diakekrimenouV aqlhtaV pou trecoun orismenh apostash.Etsi arcizei to Iero Pur na perna apo ceri se ceri kai na taxeidebei ciliadeV ciliometra ewV otou fqasei sto meroV pou kaqe 4 cronia ginontai oi OLUMPIAKOI AGWNES. Ekei me megalh teleth sto stadio twn agwnwn topoqetitai se meroV orato apo ka qe gwnia EpishV sto teloV twn agwnwn h floga sbunetai me allh megalh teleth kai oi agwnwV qewrountai lhxanteV.

H Ierh auth floga sumbolizei thn enwthta olwn twn lawn thV ghV, ton adelfiko desmo twn lawn twn 5 HPEIRWN.


APOGAION PARAKMH KAI TELOS

Oi agwneV eginonto kaqe 4 cronia ton Ioulio h Semptembrio.
Aggelioforoi estelnonto proV oleV tiV dieuqunseiV gia na anaggeiloun thn ierh ekeceiria., kai paush kaqe ecqropraxiaV .

Oi megallitereV poleiV estelnan eidikouV PresbeiV pou legotan QEWROI oI agwneV ddiarkousan 5 mereV apo tiV 12mecri tiV 16 tou nhnoV kai ta aqlimata etan diaforwn eidwn.
Sthn arch agwneV epideixhV dunamhV kai SpartiatikhV sklhragwgishV apotelousan scedon kaqoloklhrou touV agwneV .Meta omwV prosteqhkan aqlhmata apo olon ton gnwsto ELLHNIKO kosmo.

Sthn 25 Olumpiada proseteqhkan agwneV armatwn me 4 aloga.Meta dromos alogwn.Autoi oi agwneV me aloga eginonto ston IPPODROMO.

H eleuqerh PALH kai to Box apotelousan to <PANKRATION>
To PHDIMA h exwteuxhV TOU DISKOU kai tou BELOUS,to TREXIMO kai h PALH, apotelousan to PENTAQLON kai ginotan sto STADIO.

Dia mesou twn aiwnwn oi agwneV epanalambanonto kaqe 4 cronia.Akoma kai meta thn parakmh h paradosh sunecisthke .

Alla otan oi Rwmaioi katektisan thn Ellada ton 2 p.C. aiwna h parakmh tou iepou cwrou epitacunqhke.

O AutokratoraV AdrianoV kai o HrwdiV o AttikoV ,guioV plousiou trapezhti kai enqousiwdeV qaumasteV tou Ellhnismou prospaqhsan na epannaferoun thn aiglh twn agwnwn prosqetontaVmegala erga , agalmata kai naouV .

O ercomoV tou Cristianismou enepneuse baqeieV kai rizikeV qrhskeutikeV kai koinwnikeV matariqmhseiV .Ta arcaia mnhmia crhsimopoihqhkan gia na ctistoun frouria.parola auta oi agwneV exakolouqhsan mecri to
393 m.C.otan o BuzantinoV AutokratoraV QEODWSIOS touV apagoreuse me diatagma.Liga cronia meta to 426 m.C.o QEODWSIOS o 2 dietaxe thn olotelh katastrofh tou Ierou Cwrou.

Argotera oi Gotqoi katestreyan teleiwV oti den mporesan na paroun.
Me to perasma twn aiwnwn, fusika fainomena opwV megaleV plumireV kai seismoi skepasan me lasph kai amo oti eicai apomhnei..

Me thn apeleuqerwsh thV ElladaV tto 1821 arcisan oi anaskafeV sto meroV opou enomizan eice uparxei sthn arcaiothta o IeroV CwroV thV OlumpiaV .

Mikra antikeimena arcisan na ercontai sto fwV kai auto to gegonoV enqarune touV aarcaiologouV na sunecisoun tiV anaskafeV epi dekadeV eth , ospou epi telouV to 1875 o IeroV CwroV thV OlumpiaV hrqe pali
sto fwV tou Hliou.

SPOUDAIOTHS TWN OLUMPIAKWN AGWNWN

H spoudaiwtita twn Olumpiakwn agwnwn kaqwV kai allwn sthn Arcaia Ellada htan polu megalluterh apo tiV timeV pou apodidonto stouV nikhtaV.Se oloklurh thn Ellada me agalmata ,umnouV kai poiimata touV
timousan san hrwaV gia ta katwrqwmata rouV

Den poqousan dwra,crhmata,amforeV, h metallia Mono ena stefanh apo fulla agriaV eliaV htan o upertatoV poqoV touV .

Sumfwna me istorika stoiceia polleV poleiV katedafhzan ta teicoi gia na perasoun qriambeutika oi OlumpionikeV ,legontaV oti me tetoiouV qeraleouV neouV ,den creiazontan pleon ta teicoi gia na touV prostateboun.Ta agalmata twn pleon fhmismenwn Olumpionikwn etopoqetounto eiV ton Iero Cwro AltiV .
H shmasia twn Olumpiakwn Agwnwn htan polu megalluterh apo tiV atomikeV timeV kai doxeV .

Autoi oi agwneV ginotan aiteia gia thn enwthta twn diaforwn politeiwn pou schmatizan thn tote Ellada, alla difwnousan kai polemousan metaxu touV

Oi Olumpiakoi agwneV loipon sunhsferan megalwV me thn Ierh Ekeceiria sthn dirkeia twn opoiwn epabe kaqe ecqropraxia.

OI MONTERNOI OLUMPIAKOI AGWNES


Epi duo ciliadeV cronia peripou,oi Olumpiakoi AgwneV htan mono mia anamnhsh, alla h floga thV ideaV thV exakolouqouse fwtinh sth mnhmh twn anqrwpwn.

Etsi sto teloV tou 19 aiwna enaV megaloV idealisthV ,paidagwgoV kai filanqrwpoV GalloV thn katagwgh o BarwnoV Pier nte Koumperten, kai megaloV qaumasthV twn Olumpiakwn Agwnwn hrqe se epafh me pagkosmieV aqlhtikeV organwseiV ,zhtontaV thn anagennish twn wgwnwn giati touV qewrouse aparaititouV gia thn paidagwgish tou monternou anqrwpou

Zhtouse thn anagennish touV me thn proupoqesh omwV na ginontai opwV sthn Arcaia Ellada.

Auth hidea orimase sthn skeyh twn anqrwpwn ,kai se ena sunedrio sth Sorbwnh to 1894 apofasistike h anagennishV twn Agwnwn.

Oi prwtoi Olumpiakoi AgwneV eginan duo cronia meta to 1896 sthn cwra opou genniqhkan;sthn ELLADA kai sugkekrimena sthn prwteuousa ;AQHNA

Nea agwnismata prosteqhkan ,ena apo ta opoia einai o MARAQWNAS.

Einai proV timhn tou Ellhna stratiwth pou etrexe to 490p.C.apo thn polh tou Maraqwna mecri thn Aqhna,gia na anaggeilh thn nikh twn Aqhnaiwn enantiwn twn Perswn.

Kata sumptwsh ton prwto Maraqwna enikhse enaV nearoV EllhnaV 23 etwn onomazomenoV SpuroV LouiV, me ton crono: 2 wreV ,58 lepta, kai 50 deuterolepta.

EpishV h prwth gunaika pou nikhse enan Maraqwna htan apo to nish thV Surou kai legotan Stamata Rebiqh.

Gia touV prwtouV monternouV OlumpiakouV AgwneV egine sthn Aqhna ena megalo stedio teleiwn diastasewn apo marmaro pou crhsimopoihte mecrh shmera gia diaforeV aqlithkeV ekdhlwseiV ,kai gia to teleio twn grammwn tou onomastike KALLIGRAMON.

Apo to 1896 mecri shmera mono duo foreV oi AgwneV den eginan:ton prwto kai ton deutero pagkosmio polemo.

H 1 Olumpiada thV 3 cilietiridoV qa ginei pali sthn AQHNA to 2004.


H OLUMPIA SHMERA

Shmera o ArcaioV IepoV CwroV einai teleioV anakodomismenoV me ta idia ta ereipia.

CiliadeV touristeV thn episkeptontai kaqe crono , kai o qaumasmoV kai h sygkinhsh einai kati to aperigrapto.

TerastieV koloneV koitontai kataghV martureV miaV epochV gemathV aiglhV kai doxaV .

MporeiV na dhV to gumnasio opou eegumnazonto oi aqliteV ,to stadio kai mia stoa pou enwne auta ta duo ktiria kai apo opou pernousan oi aqlhteV

Oi anaskafeV eferan sto fwV ,to ergasthrio tou perifimou gluptou Fideia kai ta egaleia tou me ta opoia apaqanatwse ta uperoca erga tecnhV kai asugkrithV armoniaV thV idiofuiaV tou.

To meroV auto einai pragmatika polu epiblhtiko kai o episkepthV noiwqei ena eidoV deouV kai qaumasmou.

KaneiV den milaei dunata. Mono akougetai to lalisma twn pouliwn kai to qrwisma twn pefkwn.

Ligo pio pera uparcei ena monterno ktoirio-Mouseio me diafora eurimata apo tiV anaskafeV , metaxu twn opoiwn kai o perifimoV ERMHS tou PRAXITELOUS apo leuko marmapo.


ANTIKEIMENA POU HRQAN STO FWS

APO TIS ANASKAFES

130 Agalmata .

1.300 Antikeimena apo cruso

6.000 Momismata

400 PlakeV apo marmapo me grapteV afhgiseiV.

15.000 Antikeimena apo metalo .

Kai polla ala pilhna eidh.


SUMETOCH CWRWN KAI AQLHTWN TO 1896

StouV prwtouV MonternouV OlumpiakouV AgwneV thV AqhnaV phran meroV mono 13 kratoi me 311
ELLADA me 230 AqlhtaV-10 crusa mataleia

AMERIKH me 14 # 11 # #

AGGLIA me 8 #

OUNGKRIA me 8 #

AUSTRIA me 4 #

DANIA me 4 #

AUSTRALIA,BOULGARIA,CILH,SOUHDIA,GERMANIA,GALLIA, ELBETIA.

H Shmaia twn Olumpiakwn Agwnwn ecei idealisth ton Bapwno tou Koumperten to 1914 alla parousiastike epishmwV mono to 1920.

Apoteleite apo ena leuko ufasma kai sto meson uparcoun 5 stoggula stefania periplegmena diaforwn crwmatwn .

sumbolizoun tiV 5 HpeirouV , kai kaqe crwma antiproswpeuei nia Hpeiro.

To leuko thn EURWPH
Tokitrino thn ASIA
To mauro thn AFRIKH
To prasino thn TAUSTRALIA
To kokkino thn AMERIKH

Se opoiodhpote meroV kai na ginontai oi Olumpiakoi AgwneV , oi prwtoi aqlhteV pou anoigoun thn teleth ,einai h Ellhnikh Antiposwpeia me thn Ellhnikh Shmaia. Einai o AiwnioV FopoV TimhV sth cwra pou epinohse auto to eugeneV gegonoV pou diarkei aiwneV .

Giati < LIGA ANQRWPINA EPICEIRHMATA ECOUN TOSON MAKRAN DIARKEIA . KAI TO OUSIWDES DEN EINA NA NIKHSHS ALLA NA SUNAGWNISTHS ME PISTH ME EUGENEIA KAI AXIA>

GUNAIKES STIS OLIMPIADES

Oi Gunaikioi Olumpiakoi AgwneV kaqierwqhkan argwtera , kai ginotan proV timhn thV QeaV HraV suzugou tou pantodunamou DioV , kai onomazontan
< HRAIA>

Labenan meroV stouV agwneV ,neapeV kopeleV parqeneV me konta endumata gia dieukolhnoun tiV kinhseiV touV .

Oi < Qewroi > twn Arcaiwn Gunaikeiwn Olumpiakwn Agwnwn htan IereieV tou naou thV QeaV HraV, 16 ton ariqmo,kai oleV apo ton nomo thV HleiaV. Kata thn diarkeia twn tessarwn cronwn metaxu twn agwnwn, ufainan ena diafano crusokentito peplo to opoio proseferan sth Qea Hra sto teloV twn agwnwn , kai skepazan me auto to agalma mecri tiV epomeneV OlimpiadeV opote thV proseferan allo peplo, kai outw kaqexeiV .

Apo tiV gunaikeV OlumpionikeV ddiakriqhke h Ferenikh apo to nish thV Rodou.

H Ferenikh htan korh tou megalou Olimpionikh DIAGORA pou peqane anikhtoV .

H Ferenikh eice epishV enan aneyio, treiV adelfouV ,kai enan guio, ektoV apo ton patera thV DIAGORA , olouV OLUMPIONIKES.